Rural-Urban India

The concept of shanty towns or in layman’s language – urban slums is found usually in big cities where people migrate in hope of getting a better standard of living. We find a great diversity and variety of communities in such towns. People from villages, belonging to the same community migrate to urban cities in search of work. This leads to homelessness and formation of ghettos i.e. slums. The government is unable to provide them with a basic legitimate home with minimal civic facilities, so they occupy the government-owned land which in turn is termed illegal. When questioned, the government said that they do not have enough resources whereas; on the contrary, we find many gated communities where people enjoy more than required resources. A gated community is the one where people of the affluent class live together in a separate area with surplus resources. They own the major chunk of land. They live in their own niche in society. Those who live here are the most powerful people and are so-called ‘influential’ group of people who will call the top authorities even if they have an electricity cut-off for an hour. This is the contrast between the people of the urban area itself.

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Also, the urban and rural area people have to face different types of issue. The people belonging to the urban society can defy the social norms in a much easier way than the people of rural areas. If a person in an urban society does an inter-caste marriage even when the society is against him, he can do so because he has his class identity i.e. the identity of an urban worker belonging to the particular class to make him capable of surviving the opposition of the society. Whereas in a rural society people will have to face existential crisis and their survival will be questioned if they perform any activity which defies the already prevailing social norms. The person or the whole family will be socially excluded which will lead to prohibition from using the resources. This will hamper and negate their survival in the society as a whole. This is because in villages our primary identity is caste and are dependent on each other for survival i.e. people primarily identify themselves as a member of their particular caste and hence, defying the norms may lead to a threat to their livelihood or even their own lives as well.


5 Comments Add yours

  1. Pkk says:

    I’m happy to see your concerns on the creeping population of slum dwelling people into the niche of elite class inhabitants. As per the Constitutional canon I feel that there is equal opportunity of work and living to all citizens in the country but those who come as trespassers must not be allowed to do so. More candidly there should be some responsibility of the rule maker who can provide legitimate status to these inhabitants or slums should be viewed during its initial stage of settlement,not too long after its inception, the same is true for dwellers also they should be aware what they are going to get in such settlement. I mean to say that stitch in time saves nine…. so far as social or intercast rituals are concerned again it is responsibility of the doer to find an independent and legitimate way that doesn’t cause any bearing to the surrounding. Here I am of the opinion that every thing is right if it is done under the limit otherwise excess of any thing is bad. Today slum are not only built by the needy people rather it is created with some vested interest and later it becomes a place of unethical politics..
    With Best wishes.


  2. Pammy Sujata says:

    I really like your concern towards society. Hope you continue to do so?


  3. Sunil Kumar Gupta says:

    Dear Arushi,

    Your pen is very good in expression of the reality. Keep it up!
    There are some topics which can be discussed.

    All the best.


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